Marine Stingers

Stings and Bites

(As with any First Aid, remember to check for dangers before assisting)

 

Spiders

 

Funnel Web/Mouse Spider (Deadly)

Symptoms:

Immediate pain,

Nausea

Difficulty Breathing

Sweating

Coughing

 

Treatment:

Pressure Immobilisation Bandage

Keep patient calm and still

Phone Ambulance (000) 

 

Red Back and all other Spiders

An immediate reaction to a red back looks very similar to a mosquito bite, often there is a just redness. (Deadly)

Symptoms:

Sweating

Sharp pain,

Headache,

Nausea,

Abdominal pain,

Partial loss of muscle control,

Swelling

 

Treatment:

Cold compression to the area

Keep patient calm

Call ambulance (000)

 

 

Jelly Fish 

Blue Bottle (Non-Deadly)

A blue bottle sting is the most common around the Northern Beaches.

Symptoms: 

An immediate uncomfortable pain

Red marks to the area

 

Treatment:

Remove any tentacles

Immerse in hot water

Ice pack will work as back up if there is no hot water

Only call ambulance (000) if patient is having an allergic reaction

 

Non-Tropical Jellyfish (Non-Deadly)

Symptoms:

Red marks/rash 

Immediate stinging pain

 

Treatment:

Remove any tentacles

Immerse in hot water/Hot shower

 

 

Sea Urchins

(non venomous) (Non-Deadly)

Usually found around rock pools or reefs

Symptoms

Puncture wound (most commonly on the foot)

Spine can be stuck

Usually bleeding

 

Treatment

Remove the spines

Immerse in hot water

Painkillers

 

Venomous/multiple spines (Deadly)

Symptoms

Puncture wounds

Multiple Spines

Immediate Pain

Blood

Fatigue

Weakness

Shock

 

Treatment

Use tweezers to remove large spines

Use a razor to remove pedicellaria

Immerse in hot water

Pain refief

Seek medical attention (000)

 

Fish

Stone Fish (Deadly)

Symptoms:

Intense throbbing

Swelling

Bruising

Tingling

Blisters

 

Treatment:

Call Ambulance (000)

Remove any spines

Immerse in hot water

Pain killers

 

Rays

 

Sting Rays 

(Has potential to be deadly, all based on pain level)

Symptoms:

Immediate pain (can vary from minor to severe)

Redness

Swelling

Fatigue

 

Treatment:

Hot water

Try to keep patient still and calm

Pain relief, however must NOT have asprin

Call ambulance (000) depending on the severity 

 

Electric Ray

(Can be deadly if the shock was big enough. Up to 200 Volts)

Symptoms:

Shock

Stiffened/Paralysed

Fatigue

Tingling sensation

 

 

Treatment:

Calm the patient down

Keep warm

Drink water or juice

Call ambulance (000) if shock was big enough to paralyse (very very rare)

 

Octopus

Blue Ringed Octopus (Extremely Deadly)

Symptoms:

Minimal pain for 5-10mins

Nausea

Throbbing

Numbness

Difficulty breathing

Confusion

Paralysed

 

Treatment:

If you know the patient was bitten do NOT wait for symptoms call ambulance immediately (000)

Pressure Immobilisation (This will only have affect for up to 30 mins)

Keep patient calm until ambulance arrives

 

Anaphylactic Shock

Sometimes after being stung/bitten by something people can discover that they are allergic. This can be serious, especially as it's highly likely that the patient didn't realise they were allergic.

Symptoms:

Swelling in mouth, tongue or throat

Difficulty breathing

Rash

Itching around eyes, nose, mouth...

Hot flushes

Stomach cramps

Collapsing

 

Treatment:

Call ambulance (000)

The patient may have a 'personal action plan' this may include an epipen, use this if applicable and call ambulance (000)